“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are [sic] created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”
Declaration of Independence, July 04, 1776
United States of America
Many around the world, including most Americans, believe that there is no social class in the United States. Class struggle is a very Marxist notion and is viscerally offensive to American sentiments. The citizens of the United States of America, many sincerely, and others with some sense of understanding of the society having been liberally educated in the ways of the republic, like to believe in the absence of class in America or wish to work toward it.
Meritocracy is the commonly accepted notion of class in American society. To those who wish to immediately relate to what that means, it is an aspiration to achieve the separation of the society’s best and brightest for them to be nurtured into leaders to govern the affairs of the state.
In the George Lucas movie saga Star Wars, it is the midi-chlorian (a microbe with a connection to the universal life force) count in the blood stream for admission eventually into the Jedi council of the galactic republic. The young Anakin Skywalker at the age of 9 is not trusted by Master Yoda because he is too old and unfound on the periphery of the republic, on planet Tatooine, to be trained as a Jedi master before he can be on the governing council of the republic. This is pure Plato in Hollywood science fiction, and an idea not very different from the arrow of the integration of nano, bio, information and communications technologies (NBIC).
The ideology of the republic as expressed by scientific-technical modernity brings into question the words in the American Declaration of Independence that all people are created equal (with or without midi-chlorians).
Moreover, quite legitimately knowing that there is no midi-chlorian count in the blood stream of homo sapiens without speciation or NBIC augmentation, for political scientists the words in the Declaration of Independence, a work of genius, betray an abiding sense of human nature as understood by the American Founders.
As is, the words clearly mean that all are created equal, as human beings. That there is no social class endowed by birth as in the Old World. At the same time, the formation of class among free people with unalienable rights in a society is not ruled out. Some can be better than others in the naturalist worldview of the Founders. Social inequality and inequity is as feasible an outcome as is the aspiration of social equality and equity.
The “scientific-technical eye of providence” of The Pentagon’s National Security Agency (NSA) looks down upon the pyramid of the totem pole of American society, not the eye of providence over the Egyptian pyramid on the back of a dollar bill, whatever the biological endowment by birth of the nation’s citizens or their educational accomplishments in the academia of the American republic. And so it is with the global war on terror.
All that any government can do is guarantee an equal start by nurture, not nature. All people are not equal in their capacity for self-realization, their fullest potential being limited by nature, their biological, not social, endowments at birth.