Former President Bill Clinton had apologized in 1995 when he issued an Executive Order (12975) about Bioethics for the “protection of human research subjects” because an Army man named Frank Olson jumped to his death out of a window in 1974 after the government laced his drink with an hallucinogenic drug called Lysergic acid diethylamide or LSD without his consent in a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) experiment in which he was otherwise a willing participant.
(Source: Wikipedia, The Chemical Structure of LiSergic acid Diethyamide)
The Clinton apology about covert use by US government of an illegal drug and other hallucinogenics, not unfamiliar to his generation of Americans, is steeped in the politics of empire since Marco Polo, a Venetian merchant, who had toured Asia from 1271 to 1295.
Mercantilism or the government policy of maintaining a positive balance in trade between nations, known in modern economics to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as Balance of Payments (BoP) or net exports (NX), had made Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta very wealthy. Polo’s voyage, which began in the year of the failed Ninth Crusade, was for business.
(Source: Wikipedia, The Voyage of Marco Polo)
Medieval Christian Europe, beginning with Marco Polo, started learning well from the Moslem traders of the Caliphate. Venetian mercantilism, an important source of financing of the crusades since the Fourth, had caught on with the rest of the Latin principalities after the end of Byzantium for another mercantilist, Christoforo Colombo, from Serenissima Repubblica di Genova, to go west under Spanish auspices to cross the Atlantic to the orient, in a direction opposite that of Marco Polo’s 200 years before him.
The mercantilist wealth of Venezia and the knowledge of the oriental voyage of Marco Polo had ushered in the Renaissance in Rome and the Reformation in the Germanic lands of the barbarians to the North. The China of Zheng He, Moslem and Confucian, had bequeathed paper and printing to an otherwise monkish Europe, uniting in its new found faith since Constantine the Great over the course of a millennium after the decadence of Rome which had wrought the Dark Ages.
Columbus had heralded the rise of the Colonial Spanish empire in the New World named after Amerigo Vespucci, his successor from Renaissance Florence, in a serendipitous voyage after never making it to China as his predecessor Marco Polo had done. China, by 1492, was in decline after the voyages of Zheng He had ended in the self-inflicted ash heap of burned ships.
European conflicts, in the new found power and prosperity of Europe’s Popes and Kings, had migrated west, from the middle kingdoms of Rome and Germany, seeking riches in America by 1517 when Martin Luther had pinned his Ninety Five theses on church doors protesting against the practice of indulgences (or the sales of papal blessings to the populace) of Pope Leo X.
The defiant and fortuitous victory of Elizabeth I of England, the daughter of Henry VIII who had separated his church from Roman authority, and her pirates Francis Drake and Walter Raleigh (who had founded the antecedents of the Colony of Virginia) over the Spanish Armada in the English Channel had split the new powers of western Europe between the English Protestant north and the Spanish Catholic south, both in the Old and the New Worlds.
English mercantilism, since Drake and Raleigh, circumnavigated the globe with the British East India Company to China, fusing Polo and Columbus, east and west, culminating in the colony of Hong Kong after the First Opium War from 1839 to 1842.
To maintain a positive trade balance with the inward-looking Qing Dynasty, the English cultivated opium in their Indian colony and sold it to the neighboring Chinese Imperial Palace in the Forbidden City and to its subjects outside it.
This uniquely British mercantilist strategy of addicting the adversary to hallucinogenics to control minds and, thereby, behavior for the purpose of leverage in trade, has ultimately found its way into the modus operandi of the CIA after World War II in the program MK Ultra.
Former Communist Soviet control beginning with the Marxist-Stalinist Bolsheviks (commoners or the majority working classes during the Romanov aristocracy in the storming of the winter palace in 1917), was a direct antipodal response to Winston Churchill since his mercantilist rise began in 1911 as an Admiral in the English navy: the establishment of the commoner, the politburo, was controlling the society, without regard to race, ethnicity or religion as a global ideology.
Burrhus Frederic Skinner, more commonly known as B.F. Skinner, the American psychologist and a Harvard contemporary of the philosopher John Rawls, invented the “maze” or the operant conditioning chamber to experimentally understand stimulus-response behaviors in animal subjects such as rats and mice.
(Source: Wikipedia, Operant Conditioning Chamber)
Skinner’s purpose was to demonstrate that ultimately manipulating human behavior technically can lead to better and more humane societies, Walden Two, beyond individual autonomy and free will, rather than the destructive impulses of war in what he saw as a sequel of peace to Henry David Thoreau’s Walden (Life in the Woods in a cabin in Cape Cod, Massachusetts), brought about by civil disobedience and characterized by liberty or the constitutional self-government of the Federalist Papers. But peace came very differently in practice, in the suicide of Frank Olson.
Finding human subjects, government employees, contractors or others in white, gray and black national security operations, with and without their consent (guinea-pigging), sheds new light on the counter-culture of the 1960s and technological advances since: was the 1960s liberalism a consequence of MK Ultra or was MK Ultra taking advantage of the counter-culture?
Either mechanism of social change as an explanation in the decade after the American economic stability of the 1950s has its roots in the involvement of the CIA and Bilderberg since the overthrow of Mohammed Mossadegh by Eisenhower and Churchill in 1953 (Hugh Wilford, CIA Plot, Socialist Conspiracy, or New World Order? The Origins of the Bilderberg Group, 1952-55, Diplomacy and Statecraft, Volume 14, Issue 3, 2003)
Though mind control is seen as a National Socialist (Nazi) or fascist European conspiracy by Hugh Wilford and much earlier by English men of letters such as George Orwell in 1984, the convergence of secret societies in the United States, an open secret since George Washington’s Freemasons with their origins in the persecuted Knights Templar of the Crusades, requires closer scrutiny because of the corruption of symbolism by association with America’s founders.
(Source: Wikipedia, George Washington Masonic National Memorial)
The reality of Bohemian Club and Bilderberg Group (founded in 1954), the former a conservative American group since the days of the later part of the Industrial Revolution in America and the latter a conservative European group, bear a deep seated bias for the English constitutional monarchy and for European constitutional monarchies.
The purpose cannot be clearer: Churchillian control of societies, of mind and matter, including of democracies, by the European monarchies, predicated on race, ethnicity and religion, in sharp contrast to the commoner control of Italy and Germany in World War II – also predicated on race, ethnicity and religion – by the fascist regimes of Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler who were defeated in the war. World War II was European class warfare, both sides joined at the hip in their ideology of social control.
A contemporary example of the application of Skinner’s ideas is the Implicit Association Test (IAT) to understand and record preferences, biases and prejudices of subjects. To then live in a “more humane” world free of biases and prejudices, not entirely feasible by education alone, according to the ideology of Skinner, the diagnoses of bias and prejudice from the IAT must be eradicated by psychiatric drugs and other forms of mind control: MK Ultra is the antecedent of the IAT and the IAT is the public domain product of the classified electronic version, already in operation worldwide, by the National Security Agency (NSA) and US intelligence, since September 11, 2001.
In this Orwellian worldview, the Other is the pagan savage, and the Self is the European. The Other is the terrorist, and the Self is the citizen. Movies, sex, drugs, and Rock “n” Roll are for the Commoner, Ballet, Opera and Theater are for the Noble. The Industrial Revolution is not for the Barbarian, only for the Civilized. And there shall be no leveling of the playing field in the transition from coal to the sun.
Democracy, including in United States of America, is a mask for the Bohemian Club and Bilderberg Group in preference for the personal biases of “His Excellency” George Washington for the English but not to his fealty to the American Constitution as evidenced in his Farewell Address on September 19, 1796.