(Indus or Harappan Script, Circa 3500 B.C.E, Yet to be deciphered, Note the Swastika)
The humble sages, by virtue of true knowledge, see with equal vision a learned and gentle brāhmaṇa, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dog-eater. Those whose minds are established in sameness and equanimity have already conquered the conditions of birth and death. They are flawless like Brahman, and thus they are already situated in Brahman. The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: The indestructible, transcendental living entity [all of creation or the universe] is called Brahman, and his eternal nature is called adhyātma, the self [it has been, it is, it will be, without a beginning or an end. It is what it is]. Action pertaining to the development of the material bodies of the living entities is called karma, or fruitive activities.
The Bhagavad Gita, circa 776 B.C.E
The President of the United States, Barack Hussein Obama, had sent “Chag Sameach” to White House followers on Twitter. He is taking a much needed break from his busy presidential and electioneering schedule to celebrate the Jewish Passover holiday. He used the generic Hebrew equivalent for the English “Happy Holiday” rather than the specific Passover greeting of “chag kasher v’same’ach (חַג כָשֵׁר וְשָׂמֵחַ, [read right to left]) meaning wishing a happy and kosher holiday.”
I almost want to say that “Chag Sameach” sounds like JFK’s “Ich Bin Ein Berliner” of 1963: to mean now that we are all Jewish in the face of persecution. But I resisted the all too familiar Kennedy refrain for Obama in 2012 and in a possible run up to another war in the Middle East, this time with Iran.
What we believe as a people always has significant impact on how our leaders make decisions which are always consequential for the way we live since George Washington laid his left hand on the Bible to take his oath of office raising his right hand as the first president of the United States of America.
If we are all Jewish, we can be if the persecuted is Israel. Then Iran becomes the personification of evil, just as for Kennedy the former Soviet Union on the other side of the then new wall in Berlin was. But, the persecuted is not Israel.
Arab Spring beckons liberation. And it must be saved before the bloom withers in a still wintry chill. Doing so is in the American interest. At issue is “how?”
Are the persecuted, behind the Berlin and the Great walls from 1963 to now, Hebrew, symbolic of the perpetual struggle for freedom from the tyranny of other races and religions since Egypt in Africa (forced labor), Christianity in Europe (Holocaust) and Anti-Semitisim (discrimination) in America?
The ability of the Hebrew people to relate to those persecuted elsewhere in the world, overcoming their Abrahamic chosenness, the popular story of Moses and the Ten Commandments – the canon of the Jewish faith and the story of Passover – turns on the historical legitimacy of Exodus, the Second Book of Moses, perhaps written during the Babylonian exile after the First Temple of King Solomon was destroyed by Babylon about 700 years after Moses if he did indeed live, unless the world is to take the Jewish people on faith.
The occasional cross-fertilization initially by Egypt around and across the Red Sea into the Arabian Peninsula and the Near Eastern-side of the Mediterranean and later by the Near-Eastern foreigners into Egypt who brought the Horse and the Chariot during about 3500 years of Egyptian prominence by thirty-one dynasties, the longest in human history for any civilization, except the Indo-Aryan, until its demise and culmination into Coptic Christianity around 400 AD renders the thesis of psychologist Sigmund Freud in Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion (German 1937, Translated into English in 1939) wrong about the origins of monotheism. Monotheism was neither Egyptian nor Mosaic. It is Abrahamic.
Abraham’s One God theology is indeed a revolution for the times he lived in about 3800 years ago (1800 B.C.E).
Akhenaten or Amenhotep IV, husband of Nefertiti and father of Tutankhamen, of the 18th dynasty of Egypt about 3300 years ago, perhaps influenced by his foreign policy in the Near East, made extensive efforts to reform Egyptian polytheism with Atenism by putting the sun god Ra above the equality of all Egyptian gods in the Pantheon. Akhenaten had reigned for seventeen years, for exactly the same period of time Jacob had lived in Egypt before his death:
“The Last Days of Jacob
(47:28) Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years [the same period as the reign of Akhenaten]; so the days of Jacob, the years of his life, were one hundred forty-seven years” (Also see NRVSA Bible, Genesis 39 to 47 for the migration of Israelites to Egypt most likely during the 18th Dynasty)
The pre-Abrahamic constructions of ziggurats such as that of Babel at Ur in modern-day Iraq indisputably bear a strong resemblance to the overwhelming influence of Egyptian architecture (still found in the Washington monument in the District of Columbia, besides, of course, in Greece and Rome) at a time of trade between three distinct and contemporaneously co-existing cultures since about 6000 years ago in the region of Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and across from the Arabian Sea which I call the First Wave of Globalization: North Africa of Ethiopia and Egyptian Hieroglyphics, Indus of the Harappan (Indus) Script which is yet to be deciphered, and Sumer.
The Mosaic tablets with the law, perhaps written in Hebrew on stone, believed by the Hebrews to be contained in an ark beneath the First Temple of Solomon, appear to be fusing these three cultures in the Genesis and Exodus beginning with Eden somewhere in Ethiopia which later came under Egyptian influence, Sumer’s Noah’s Ark and his sons Ham (Southern people, Afro-Asiatic), Shem (Middle people, Near Eastern) and Japeth (Northern people, Sumer and European), into a theology of one God, one people and one religion.
Such an act of integration of the people of the times appears to be only feasible for those in Egypt who continued to believe in Akhenaten’s Atenism into Egypt’s 19th dynasty of Rameses I, his son Seth I, and his son Rameses II – the longest reigning and the great pharaoh of the Exodus. Moses, had he indeed lived – there being no historical record in Egypt which kept extensive records of its history – may have been an Egyptian acolyte of Akhenaten, as Sigmund Freud had surmised in Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion.
To Akhenaten, Abraham’s One God was Ra which, interestingly, converges Egyptian paganism with the god of Abraham, YHWH, because if Abraham’s god is indeed One and only One for all, why separate gods? Why convert to Judaism if there is One God? Why Leviticus, the Third Book of Moses for Jewish priests when all Jews have direct access to the divine? Why Kings David and Solomon, the monarchs, counter to the Declaration of Independence of 1776 and the self-organization of the Mayflower puritans in 1620 with their avowed allegiance in the Mayflower Compact to King James I of United Kingdom and in state religion unlike in 1776?
I, therefore, conjecture that a “Moses”, a man called Ramose (or Ra + Mose), a recurring name since Akhenaten’s 18th Dynasty of Egypt, of Atenist leanings and possibly an Egyptian-Hebrew hybrid by birth or adoption or Egyptian born in (out of) water (amniotic fluid), perhaps deliberately not mentioned in Egyptian records, may have been exiled from the Egyptian royal household together with Atenist Egyptians – committed to forced labor by Rameses II who had restored Egypt’s polytheistic faith in a reversal of Akhenaten, Nefertiti and Tutankhamen of the 18th dynasty – and the Hebrews of Goshen who practiced an ancient African custom of male circumcision to be distinct from the rest of Egypt, and theologically but mutually influenced by Abrahamism in the Near East since before Akhenaten, contrary to Sigmund Freud’s analysis that the Jews acquired monotheism from Egypt. The exiles may have treaded down the Red Sea coast, rather than crossing it upon parting, from Goshen to Mount Sinai in the south and center of the Sinai peninsula.
Egypt had acquired monotheism from the Hebrews and the Egyptian “Moses” founded his own kingdom of god across the Red Sea in Abraham’s Jerusalem, intermingling with the Hebrew tribes of Abraham’s descent in a complete orthodox reversal of Egyptian polytheistic society and its ways of life, defending it from both Egyptian and Near Eastern incursions since.
Contrary to popular Jewish claims, including in a speech (unavailable on the Federal Reserve website at the moment) by Federal Reserve Chairman Benjamin Bernanke, a Jewish man, there is no evidence, in Exodus or elsewhere, of Hebrew slavery in Ancient Egypt despite there being considerable evidence of Egyptian slavery (Donald B. Redford, From Slave to Pharaoh – The Black Experience of Ancient Egypt; Jacqueline Dembar Greene, Slavery in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia) – a practice that existed later in the Greece of Aesop (contradicting Plato’s historical account of Egypt), in England and the United States into the 19th century (and still Constitutionally permissible in the United States by Amendment 13 for convicted criminals) – where human beings, typically black Africans, were treated as property by the state under law for buying and selling in the marketplace. It must be noted here that, after Moses and his Kingdom of God, Hebrews kept slaves, a fact that is not widely discussed in scholarship.
The Mosaic Hebrews – hybrids of Ham, Shem and Japeth – need the deliverance of the also mixed peoples of the Horse, the Chariot, Babylon and Torah, and the Indo-Aryan enlightenment to transcend from their chosenness by the god of Abraham to One God of all. Every faith is a path to the same God, not to a pantheon of different gods.
Conversion is a choice from among paths to deliverance, not a choice of God.
Deliverance, freedom or nirvana is the attainment of the following state of consciousness as human beings in flesh and blood [The Bhagavad Gita, circa 776 B.C.E]:
“The humble sages, by virtue of true knowledge, see with equal vision a learned and gentle brāhmaṇa, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dog-eater. Those whose minds are established in sameness and equanimity have already conquered the conditions of birth and death. They are flawless like Brahman, and thus they are already situated in Brahman. The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: The indestructible, transcendental living entity [all of creation or the universe] is called Brahman, and his eternal nature is called adhyātma, the self [it has been, it is, it will be, without a beginning or an end. It is what it is]. Action pertaining to the development of the material bodies of the living entities is called karma, or fruitive activities.”
Until then, the Hebrew Holy Lands are theirs alone, Christianity is the four gospels – Mark, Matthew, Luke and John – of The Christ, and Islam is The Koran as narrated by Allah to Prophet Mohammed.
חַג כָשֵׁר וְשָׂמֵחַ