Short of grain in Israel, Jacob’s children had gone to Egypt. Moses, the story goes, had delivered them from servitude from the land of plenty to the desert.
It takes time for people elsewhere to live better, notwithstanding the Coasian bargaining complications arising from the negative externalities that history, geopolitics and pollution bring across international borders along US Interstate-10 from Los Diego, just north of Tijuana in the American west to the Gulf of Mexico in the east.
In the 1990s, after the ’94 peso crisis, as American jobs began migrating south of the Rio Grande to raise living standards in Mexico, the fall of the Mexican currency brought Hispanic labor to American farms in droves, to raise tomatoes in the south, and to harvest potatoes and crab in the north, turning Elizabethan America – after Sir Walter Raleigh’s founding of the Dominion of Virginia – into a reprise of Colombian bargaining after 1492 and Pedro Menéndez de Avilés’ establishment of St. Augustine in 1565.
Cheap Mexican-made auto parts for Michigan after a currency collapse cannot automatically retain all of the cheap Mexican labor south of the water’s edge separating Texas and New Mexico from Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas.
The land of milk and honey is now short of 8 million jobs. Creating jobs in America has become a very long-term issue for Washington. Returning to the full employment level of at least 5.5% historical average from the current 8.2% can be accomplished in counterintuitive ways.
If creating the lost jobs takes at least 15 years, reducing the number of workers looking for jobs can take about 5.
The fences are being torn down by the migrants and immigrants, non-citizens and citizens alike looking for jobs in the United States, to return to the Spanish-speaking lands they came from because English-speaking gringos get the jobs first in a recovering economy while the rest get laid-off.
Change in social attitudes also occurs in response to cycles of exchange rates and employment, 1993 to now: in response to a return to the weaker dollar and the attendant higher unemployment.
Sending 8 million home is as quick as grabbing a burrito at Taco Bell than employing 8 million. Smaller cultural distance cannot compensate for shorter geographic distance. After all, even the far fewer Asians from faraway lands have been going back, as the United States offloads today’s negative economic and social externality (Hispanic and Asian immigration) and the ’90s social negative externality but a positive economic externality.