In this paper, I coin the phrase Novus Regere to literally mean New Region in Latin or New Regionalism in English.
Slicing the global agora by its polis is as old as the enlightenments since the First Millennium B.C.E. That enlightenment has always led to empire and, therefore, the reconfiguration of the world polity across geography is the stuff of history of religion and society and, hence, history is the nugget of insight well-presented by Karen Armstrong in her book The Great Transformation.
Imperial examples are Egypt in North Africa, having conquered Nubia and other territories of the region around the entire span of the Nile, to its north, east, west and south, Greek incursion into Asia Minor by Alexander the Great, The Mauryan Empire by Asoka the Great as a consequence of Alexander, Confucianism in China and Chinese unity, besides, of course, Rome which has, on more than one occasion, vacillated between republic and empire since its pre-Platonic founding as a republic by Romulus and Remus in 753 B.C.E, circa 1000 B.C.E (Zarathustra in Persia) to 776 B.C.E (Krishna in India) period of the Aryan and Indo-Aryan enlightenments in Asia-Minor and South Asia as cited by Armstrong.
Rome’s modus operandi as a republic is well-documented by Edward Gibbon in his monumental German-French-Scottish-English enlightenment-era work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire to teach empire to the northern debutantes and the inspiration for Winston Churchill’s Nobel prize in Literature about the English speaking peoples and for others’ later works about the rise and fall of the British empire (Alberto Alesina of Harvard has documented a thesis of modern geopolitical boundaries in Africa after colonialism), and in Livy’s The History of Rome, besides many illustrated histories of the Roman empire.
Rome, after its founding in 753 B.C.E, after all, had truly ended in mid-19th century C.E with the unification of Italy, or the risorgimento, in the end of the Holy Roman Empire because of the rise of secularism in Northern Protestant Europe after the Protestant enlightenment in Germany since the mid-15th century of Martin Luther and Johannes Gutenberg. Rome had lasted 2500 years and its ideology, of the republic, lucidly explained in Cicero by Anthony Everitt, is still a very viable force in geopolitics, in particular after the birth of United States of America in 1776.
The most viable of all regions, regere, notwithstanding Roma, has been India for nearly 4 millennia, continuously extant and enlarging due to the fundamental binding glue of Vedic Indo-Aryanism in its archaic form which constitutes the culture of India, despite the British. All others, besides the Indic, in the language of master historian of civilization Arnold Joseph Toynbee, have risen and fallen. Religion is, thus, a more definitive definition of culture as a true statement across societies.
Yet, the Indic, perhaps with its beginnings between the Tropic of Cancer, south of the Vindhyas, mountains older than the Himalayas along the latitudinal midriff of the tropic, and the equator, may be running of its longevity to survive of its own accord as a separate, self-contained civilization. Indian regionalism, about 2300 years old since Asoka the Great, risks becoming unsustainable despite its existential contentment. Hence, Novus Regere.
The unsustainability of the Indic is because of two antipodal forces: economic growth and population growth. That rise in population, in the presence of natural endowments, causes economic growth is an elemental economic insight. But that United States of America – founded and expanded first as an agrarian well-endowed republic and later as an industrial democracy, much as the Indic because of migration and remigrations – is the world’s largest economy despite its much smaller population and more than 3 times the geographic area of the United States is not as elemental or elementary an economic insight. And this is precisely where the Harrod-Domar knife edge problems for both America and India lay: industrialism and post-industrialism in detachment from agrarianism, whatever the population.
Through the lens of the Solow-Swann model, this means the rates of technical change (g), population growth (n), and depreciation of capital stock (𝜹) since the advent of the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century with its roots in the 15th, are all self-contained in self-reinforcing industrial-services feedback loops, away from agriculture which is largely being taken for granted to support ever higher consumption, no matter the efficiency of consumption in natural resource terms: people are fed by their eating choices to work in industry and services in a perversion of natural reality. Ideas for technical realization which are as old as civilization are being achieved piecemeal, by versioning, for a population of 7 billion people in a manner that is rapidly depleting resources.
As much as we, nomadic homo sapiens, must eat to live, we, as civilized human beings, more importantly, must, once again remigrate and work to eat off the land in the tradition of Indus-Saraswati and Arkaim to be sustainable and remain viable in the scheme of earth.